Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.

 
  • Family : APIACEAE
    (Carrot Or Coriander Or Parsley Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SAUNF FAMILY (सौंफ फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Apiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
  • Common name : Indian Penny wort, Centella, Pohekula, Spadeleaf
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kulakudi, Brahma manduki (Hindi)
    • Ondelagu soppu, Urage soppu, Saraswati soppu, Brahmi soppu (Kannada)
    • Vallarai (Tamil)
    • Brahmi, Saraswataku (Telugu)
    • Talkuni, Thalkuri, Bhui pataki, Duasag, Duvapathro (Oria)
    • Mandookaparni (Sanskrit)
    • Kodangal, Kudakan, Kuthirakkulambuchedi, Mutthil, Vellara (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Stream banks and other water courses
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in moist places of low lying areas along marshes. Considered highly medicinal and used in Ayurveda
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Goa : South Goa district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Angola, Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Islands, Central African Repu, Chad, Chin
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Angola, Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Islands, Central African Repu, Chad, China, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Islands, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Islands, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Philippines, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Islands, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1.
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Centella asiatica. Downloaded on 20 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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