Caryota urens L.

 
  • Family : ARECACEAE
    (Palm Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : NARIYAL FAMILY (नारियल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Arecaceae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Caryota urens L.
  • Common name : Fish-Tail Palm, Solitary Toddy Palm, Indian sago palm, Jaggery palm, Kittul
  • Vernacular name :
    • Baine-mara (Kannada)
    • Koonthalpanai, Thippilipanai (Tamil)
    • Bherli-mad (Marathi)
    • Aanapan, Choondappana, Eerumbana, Kalippana, Kappa, Ilattipana, Irampana (Malayalam)
    • Salapo (Oria)
    • Mari (Hindi)
    • Jilugu jattu, Konda jivalaggu (Telugu)
  • Habit : Palm (Columnar)
  • Habitat : Shola
  • Comments / notes : Tropical evergreen forests, also in the plains. Often planted in avenues and gardens. Frequent in the hills in deep ravines
  • Flower, Fruit : December-August
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : KLM, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Krishna district, Guntur district, Prakasam district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Kadapa district, Anantapur district, Chittoor district
    • Telangana : Khammam district, Nalgonda district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Ahmednagar district, Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Chandrapur district, Kolhapur district, Nagpur district, Pune district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills, Kalrayan Hills, Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Chitteri Hills, Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Dharmapuri Hills, Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malaya Peninsula, Nepal
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 4
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Pullaiah, 1997. Fl. Andhra Pradesh, vol. 3. pp. 1016
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Caryota urens. Downloaded on 27 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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