Capparis zeylanica L.

 
  • Family : CAPPARACEAE
    (Caper Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KARIL FAMILY (करील फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Capparaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Capparis aurantioides C.Presl; Capparis crassifolia Kurz; Capparis dealbata DC.; Capparis erythrodasys Miq.; Capparis hastigera Hance; Capparis horrida L.f.; Capparis latifolia Craib; Capparis linearis Blanco; Capparis nemorosa Blanco; Capparis ovalifolia Zipp. ex Miq.; Capparis polymorpha Kurz; Capparis quadriflora DC.; Capparis rufescens Turcz.; Capparis subhorrida Craib; Capparis swinhoii Hance; Capparis terniflora DC.; Capparis wightiana Wall.; Capparis xanthophylla Collett & Hemsl.; Capparis zeylanica var. pubipetala S.Y.Liu, X.Q.Ning & Y.F.Tan
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Capparis zeylanica L.
  • Common name : Ceylon Caper
  • Vernacular name :
    • Ardanda, Govindphal (Hindi)
    • Govinda phala, Anthuntikai, Mullu anthudi, Kaayi balli, Thottalu balli (Kannada)
    • Atanday, Aadandai, Tondai, Morandan, Ekkathari, Suduthorati (Tamil)
    • Aatonda, Aadonda (Telugu)
    • Asadua, Osirva, Hatinkula, Sabbi (Oria)
    • Vyagranakhi (Sanskrit)
    • Tarati, Wagati, Govid-phal (Marathi)
    • Elippayar, Gitoran, Karthotti (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Scrub forests and dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Common. Roots are used in traditional medicine
  • Key identification features : A scandent shrub armed with strong sharp, recurved prickle; branches and younger parts all covered with rusty reddish tomentum. Leaves 3-5 in. long, 1-2 in. broad, ovate, acute, glabrous when mature. Flower white or rose coloured. Berries the size of a prune, on long stalks, red when ripe.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-October
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district, Shivamogga district, Bengaluru district (GKVK Campus)
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Idukki district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district, Nagpur district, Pune district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : North and Middle Andaman,Ritchie\'s Archipelago taluk (Havelock Island)
  • World Distribution : India, Andaman (India), Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Hainan, Indo-China, Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 82
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Capparis zeylanica. Downloaded on 30 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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