Capparis spinosa L.

 
  • Family : CAPPARACEAE
    (Caper Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KARIL FAMILY (करील फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Capparaceae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Capparis spinosa L.
  • Common name : Caperbush, Caper, Caperberry
  • Vernacular name :
    • Himsra, Kakdani (Sanskrit)
    • Kabra (Hindi)
  • Habit : Shrub (Straggling)
  • Habitat : Hilly forests and plains
  • Flower, Fruit : January-March
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Maharashtra : Ahmednagar district, Amravati district, Aurangabad district, Nashik district, Pune district, Raigad district, Satara district, Thane district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
    • Himachal Pradesh : Manali
    • Ladakh : Ladakh
  • Native : Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Caroline Islands, Chad, Cook Islands, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Egypt, Fiji, France, Greece, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Islands
  • World Distribution : Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Caroline Islands, Chad, Cook Islands, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Egypt, Fiji, France, Greece, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Islands, Libya, Marianas, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Morocco, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Niue, North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Pitcairn Islands, Portugal, Samoa, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Society Islands, Solomon Islands, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Tuamotu, Tubuai Islands, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Wallis-Futuna Islands, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Sharma B.D, 1984 - Flora of Karnataka Analysis
    • N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharashtra vol 1
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Matthew, K.M., 1983. The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1).
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Capparis spinosa. Downloaded on 16 July 2024.

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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