Capparis decidua (Forssk.) Edgew.

 
  • Family : CAPPARACEAE
    (Caper Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KARIL FAMILY (करील फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Capparaceae
  • Basionym : Sodada decidua Forssk.
  • Synonym(s) : Capparis aphylla Roth
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Capparis decidua (Forssk.) Edgew.
  • Common name : Bare Caper, Caper berry, Leafless caper-bush
  • Vernacular name :
    • Karii, Kurel (Hindi)
    • Karina, Kariuppi gida (Kannada)
    • Sengam (Tamil)
    • Karirah (Sanskrit)
    • Nepti (Marathi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests; Common on Ridges and in otrher drier parts
  • Comments / notes : The friuts are sold in the market
  • Key identification features : A leaffless, diffuse, much-branched, spinous shrub or small tree, straggling, twining or suffruticose. Throns paired, short, straight or recurved.
  • Flower, Fruit : February-November
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district
    • Maharashtra : All districts in deciduous forests
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district, Tirunelveli district
    • Delhi : Vasant Kunj
  • Native : Algeria, Andaman and Nicobar Isands, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Western Sahara, Yemen
  • World Distribution : Algeria, Andaman and Nicobar Isands, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Western Sahara, Yemen
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
    • Maheshwari K.J (1963). Flora of Delhi: 65
    • Duthie J.F.(1960). Flora of The Upper Gangetic Plain Vol.1: 51
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Capparis decidua. Downloaded on 30 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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