Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Dolichos maritimus Aubl.
  • Synonym(s) : Dolichos roseus Sw.; Canavalia apiculata Piper; Canavalia arenicola Piper; Canavalia baueriana Endl.; Canavalia emarginata (Jacq.) G.Don; Canavalia maritima Thouars; Canavalia miniata (Kunth) DC.; Canavalia moneta Welw.; Canavalia obcordata (Roxb.) Voigt; Canavalia obtusifolia DC.; Canavalia obtusifolia var. emarginatus (Jacq.) DC.; Canavalia podocarpa Dunn; Canavalia rutilans DC.; Clitoria rotundifolia Sessé & Moc.; Dolichos emarginatus Jacq.; Dolichos littoralis Vell.; Dolichos maritimus Aubl.; Dolichos miniatus Kunth; Dolichos obcordatus Roxb.; Dolichos obovatus Schumach. & Thonn.; Dolichos obtusifolius Lam.; Dolichos ovalifolius Schumach. & Thonn.; Dolichos rotundifolius Vahl; Glycine rosea G.Forst.; Mucuna rutilans DC.; Rhynchosia rosea DC.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.
  • Vernacular name :
    • Luna simba (Oria)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Sandy sea shores
  • Comments / notes : Common on coastal sands. Tender pods are used as vegetable and as Trailer along littoral thickets
  • Key identification features : Flowers red or white
  • Flower, Fruit : January-September
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J.Saldanha & P.Prakash
  • Collection Nos : KFP 3388, KFP 4042
  • Collection Locality : Suratkal beach (Dakshina Kannada)
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Balasore district, Kendrapara district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruvallur district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Tirunelveli district, Villipuram district, All districts of Tamil Nadu
    • Puducherry : Puducherry
  • Native : Aldabra, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Angola, Aruba, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Brazil, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Islands, Cayman Islands, Central American Pac, China Southeast, C
  • World Distribution : India, Southeast Asia, Throughout tropical coasts
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Canavalia rosea. Downloaded on 13 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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