Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.) DC.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Dolichos gladiatus Jacq.
  • Synonym(s) : Canavalia ensiformis "sensu Baker, p.p."
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.)DC.
  • Common name : Horse bean, Jack bean, Sword bean, Broad bean, Patagonian bean
  • Vernacular name :
    • Barasem, Safed Kadsumbal, Kadusambal (Hindi)
    • Valavari, Thambattai, Segapu thampattai (Tamil)
    • Thamba, Vellatamma, Tumbettan Kaya (Telugu)
    • Mohukanko, Maharada (Oria)
    • Valaringha, Valpayar, Valanga, Valamara, Vettukatthipayar (Malayalam)
    • Tebi (Manipuri)
    • Tumbekonti, Shambi, Sambe, Shampe (Kannada)
    • Makhan shim (Bengali)
    • Mahasimbi, Mahasimbi, Asisimbi (Sanskrit)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forest, Terai forest
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated. Wild along the river valley Angul district
  • Flower, Fruit : April-October
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy, Arun Singh & K. Sankara Rao; Raja K. Swamy & Noel Sebastian
  • Collection Date : 26/11/2015; 26-11-2018
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0408; HJCB-1854
  • Collection Locality : Palamaneru forest, Chittoor district (AP); Munnar, Idukki district, Kerala
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Anantapur district, Guntur district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Kolar district, Raichur district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Kottayam district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district, Idukki district
    • Maharashtra : Raigad (Mhasala)
    • Odisha : Angul district, Puri district, Sambalpur district
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
  • Native : Old world tropics
  • World Distribution : Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Japan, Laos, Myanmar, Panamá, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Herbarium specimen from Munnar, Idukki district, Kerala (not scanned)
    • Uniyal B.P., Sharma J.R., Choudhery U., Singh D.K. (2007). Flowering Plants of Uttarakhand: A Checklist. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh: 103
    • GRIERSON A.J.C. & LONG D.G. (1983). FLORA OF BHUTAN INCLUDING A RECORD OF PLANTS FROM SIKKIM Vol. 1: Part 3. ROYAL BOTANIC GARDEN, EDINBURGH: 690
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Canavalia gladiata. Downloaded on 15 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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