Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : IMLI FAMILY (ईमली फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Basionym : Reichardia decapetala Roth
  • Synonym(s) : Biancaea ferox (Hassk.) Tod.; Biancaea scandens Tod.; Biancaea sepiaria (Roxb.) Tod.; Caesalpinia benguetensis Elmer; Caesalpinia decapetala var. japonica (Siebold & Zucc.) H.Ohashi; Caesalpinia decapetala var. pubescens (T.Tang & F.T.Wang ex C.W.Chang) X.Y.Zhu; Caesalpinia ferox Hassk.; Caesalpinia horrida A.Rich.; Caesalpinia japonica Siebold & Zucc.; Caesalpinia sepiaria Roxb.; Caesalpinia sepiaria var. pubescens T.Tang & F.T.Wang ex C.W.Chang; Mezoneuron benguetense (Elmer) Elmer
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Biancaea decapetala (Roth) O.Deg.
  • Common name : Mysore thorn, Black bonduc, Shoofly
  • Vernacular name :
    • Aila, Uri, Relu, Kando (Hindi)
    • Kurudu gejjuga (Kannada)
    • Sirukalacchi, Purrhadukki (Tamil)
    • Gadda Korinda, Korinda (Telugu)
    • Gilo (Oria)
    • Inna (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Degraded forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills up to 1400m
  • Key identification features : Prickly straggler
  • Flower, Fruit : October-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Keonjhar district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruvannamalai district, Salem district, Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Tiruchirapalli district
    • Uttarakhand : Nainital district
  • Native : Tropical & sub-Tropical Asia
  • World Distribution : Naturalized in tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Caesalpinia decapetala. Downloaded on 15 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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