Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : IMLI FAMILY (ईमली फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Synonym(s) : Caesalpinia monosperma Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Caesalpinia wynaadensis B.Heyne ex Wall.; Mezoneuron grande B.Heyne ex Wall.; Mezoneuron macrophyllum Benth. ex Miq.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb.
  • Common name : Brasiletto climber
  • Vernacular name :
    • Mullodu balli (Kannada)
    • Kaka-kalingi-valli, Verimullu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Tropical evergreen forests and Tropical semi-evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional up to 1000m. A massive liana on lofty trees
  • Key identification features : Stem with conical corky protuberances bearing a pair of hooked thorns
  • Flower, Fruit : September-April
  • Collection Nos : KFP 10651, HFP 1465
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Kolar district, Chikkamagaluru district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Satara district
    • Odisha : Koraput district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district, Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Salem district
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : North and Middle Andaman,South Andaman,Port Mout,Long and Wimberleygunj Islands
  • Native : India, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : India, Malaysia, Andaman (India), China, Indo-China, Thailand
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • C. E. C. Fischer, 1921 - A Survey of the Flora of Anaimalai Hills in the Coimbatore District, Madras Presidency
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka
    • Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 156
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Caesalpinia cucullata. Downloaded on 14 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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