Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : IMLI FAMILY (ईमली फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Synonym(s) : Bonduc canadense Medik.; Bonduc minus Medik.; Caesalpinia bonducella (L.) Fleming; Caesalpinia bonducella var. aequiaculeata Kuntze; Caesalpinia bonducella var. inaequiaculeata Kuntze; Caesalpinia glabra (Mill.) Merr.; Caesalpinia jayabo var. cyanosperma M.Gómez; Caesalpinia sogerensis Baker f.; Glycyrrhiza aculeata Forssk.; Guilandina aculeata Salisb.; Guilandina bonduc var. major DC.; Guilandina bonducella L.; Guilandina glabra Mill.; Guilandina socorroensis Britton & Rose
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Guilandina bonduc L.
  • Common name : Bonduc-nut, Fever-nut, Physic-nut
  • Vernacular name :
    • Katkaranj, Gataran, Karanju, Katkaliji (Hindi)
    • Gajaga, Gajjuga, Heggejjuga (Kannada)
    • Kalichikai, Kazharchikkaai (Tamil)
    • Gatchakai, Gachakaya (Telugu)
    • Kotakoleja, Gilogila (Oria)
    • Lata karanja (Sanskrit)
    • Kalimarakam, Kazhanji, Kazhanchikkuru (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Hedges and scrub forests, also in plains and sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : In plains up to 1000m. Also in forest clearings. Common in hedges and thickets of scrub forests
  • Flower, Fruit : August-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Chittoor district, Anantapur district
    • Karnataka : Hassan district, Belagavi district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Alappuzha district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Thane district
    • Odisha : Koraput district, Ganjam district, Cuttack district, Puri district, Khurda district, Sambalpur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruvannamalai district
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
    • Lakshadweep : Lakshadweep
  • Native : Aldabra, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Australia, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bhutan, Borneo, Brazil, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Islands, Cayman Islands, Central American Pac, Ch
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Aldabra, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Australia, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bhutan, Borneo, Brazil, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Islands, Cayman Islands, Central American Pac, Chagos Archipelago, China, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lakshadweep Islands, Laos, Leeward Islands, Lesser Sunda Islands, Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marcus Island, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norfolk Islands, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Islands, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Islands, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Windward Islands, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 157
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Caesalpinia bonduc. Downloaded on 20 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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