Abrus precatorius L.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Glycine abrus L.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Abrus precatorius L.
  • Common name : Indian Liquorice, Jeguirity, Bead Vine, Black-Eyed Susan, Buddhist Rosary Bead, Crab's eye, Indian liquorice, Rosary pea, Wild liquorice
  • Vernacular name :
    • Gunci, Rati, Rakti, Gaunchi, Ghungchi, Chirmiti (Hindi)
    • Gurugunji, Gulganji (Kannada)
    • Kundumani (Tamil)
    • Guri vinda, Guriginja (Telugu)
    • Kaicho, Kainch, Runjo, Lalgunj (Oria)
    • Gunja (Sanskrit)
    • Gunj (Marathi)
    • Chuvannakunni, Kakani, Kunni, Kunnikuru, Gunj (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : On plains from coast in scrub jungles to 750m and common in forest edges and wasteland in bushes. There are seed coloured forms white, red and black, and dark blue. The White seeds are used for birth control by tribals.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : All districts of Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Bengaluru district, Bidar district, Chikkaballapur district, Chitradurga district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kolar district, Mandya district, Mysuru district, Raichur district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district, Karave Wetlands, Lonavala
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Jammu and Kashmir : Jammu and Kashmir
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Island
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
    • Lakshadweep : Androth Islands, Kavaratti Islands
  • Native : Aldabra, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Angola, Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, E
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Aldabra, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Angola, Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Islands, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan
    • Saldanha, 1984
    • Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state
    • Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi
    • N.P.Singh, 1988- Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 150
    • C., Sudhakar Reddy & Roy, Parth. (2011). Plant Diversity of Lakshadweep Islands.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Abrus precatorius. Downloaded on 30 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

Creative Commons License
India Flora Online by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.