Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Coleb.

 
  • Family : BURSERACEAE
    (Bursera Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SALAI FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Burseraceae
  • Synonym(s) : Boswellia glabra Roxb.; Boswellia serrata var. glabra (Roxb.) Bennett; Chloroxylon dupada Buch.-Ham.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr.
  • Common name : Indian Olibanum Tree, Indian Frankincense, White dammer
  • Vernacular name :
    • Shallaki, Salai (Hindi)
    • Madi, Chitta, Dhupada mara (Kannada)
    • Kungiliyam, Kungli, Andaka, Guggulu maram (Tamil)
    • Tellaguggilamu, Anduga (Telugu)
    • Salia (Oria)
    • Shallaki (Sanskrit)
    • Salai, Salphali, Salpal (Marathi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests and on the Ridges
  • Comments / notes : Extinct in Sri Lanka. Hills up to 900m in gravely soil; in dry deciduous forests. A green gum resin that exudes from the wounds of bark is used for incense and medicinally as diaphoretic, astringent and to make ointments for sores. Wood pulp used for newsprint
  • Key identification features : Bark yellow or greenish-ash-coloured, exfoliating in thin papery smooth flakes. Leaves crowed near the ends of branches with serrate margin
  • Flower, Fruit : January-August
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Guntur district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district, Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Mehboobnagar district
    • Kerala : Idukki district
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Angul district, Puri district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Vellore district, Tiruchirapalli district, Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, Salem district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district
    • Haryana : Gurgaon district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • Endemism : India
  • World Distribution : India, West Himalaya
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Neginhal, S.G. 2011. Forest trees of the Western Ghats includes Eastern Ghats Deccan Plateau
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Maheshwari K.J (1963). Flora of Delhi: 98-99
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Boswellia serrata. Downloaded on 25 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

Creative Commons License
India Flora Online by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.