Bixa orellana L.

 
  • Family : BIXACEAE
    (Bixa Or Achioty Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : LATKAN FAMILY (लटकन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Bixaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Bixa acuminata Bojer; Bixa americana Poir.; Bixa katangensis Delpierre; Bixa orellana f. leiocarpa (Kuntze) J.F.Macbr.; Bixa orellana var. leiocarpa (Kuntze) Standl. & L.O.Williams; Bixa orleana Noronha; Bixa purpurea Sweet; Bixa tinctaria Salisb.; Bixa upatensis Ram.Goyena; Orellana americana (Poir.) Kuntze; Orellana americana var. leiocarpa Kuntze; Orellana americana var. normalis Kuntze; Orellana orellana (L.) Kuntze
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Bixa orellana L.
  • Common name : Lipstick Tree, Butter-seed Tree, Arnatto Tree
  • Vernacular name :
    • Sandoori, Latkan (Hindi)
    • Bangaara kaayi mara, Rangumalle, Kumkumipalada mara, Kesari mara (Kannada)
    • Japhara, Jabra (Telugu)
    • Japhara (Tamil), Sakta, Gulbas, Sundri (Oria)
    • Monkey-mailanchi, Kunkumam, Kurangumanjal, Sindooram (Malayalam)
    • Kisri, Shendri (Marathi)
    • Jolandhar (Assamese)
    • Rawngsen (Mizo)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Exotic species, planted in gardens. Seeds are used for extracting a red dye.
  • Key identification features : A Small handsome evergreen tree.
  • Flower, Fruit : June-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Cultivated all districts
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • Native : Tropical America
  • Exotic/Native : Exotic
  • World Distribution : Tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 83
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Bixa orellana. Downloaded on 25 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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