Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC.

 
  • Family : ASTERACEAE
    (Composite Or Aster Or Sunflower Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GENDA FAMILY (गेंदा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Asteraceae
  • Synonym(s) : Baccharis balsamifera (L.) Stokes; Baccharis salvia Lour.; Conyza balsamifera L.; Placus balsamifer (L.) Baill.; Pluchea balsamifera (L.) Less.; Baccharis gratissima Blume ex DC.; Blumea appendiculata DC.; Blumea balsamifera var. microcephala Kitam.; Blumea densiflora var. excisa (DC.) C.B.Clarke; Blumea excisa DC.; Blumea grandis DC.; Blumea zollingeriana C.B.Clarke; Conyza appendiculata Blume; Conyza grandis Wall.; Conyza vestita Wall.; Pluchea appendiculata Zoll. & Moritzi
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC.
  • Common name : Ngai camphor
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Common in abandoned jhum lands, open places.
  • Comments / notes : The decoction of leaves is used as expectorant, warm infusion acts as a sudorific; In S. W. China, Ai or Nagi camphor is distilled from this paInt.
  • Key identification features : Large, woody shrubs or small trees, aromatic, densely silky, villous or tomentose; Leaves oblong-Ianceolate to oblong-obovate, serrulate, appendiculate, upper surfaces pilose, lower silky woolly; Heads sessile, small, in lax panicles, whitish yellow; Achenes ribbed with red pappus.
  • Flower, Fruit : October- April
  • Distribution :
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Lohit, Siang, Subansiri
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman Islands, India, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Christmas Island, Bhutan, Hainan, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Island, Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Island, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya
  • Literature :
    • G.S Giri., A.Pramanik., H.J. Chowdhery., G.D Pal and S.K. Das (2008). Materials for Arunachal Pradesh, Vol (2), Pg: 10
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Blumea balsamifera. Downloaded on 25 May 2024.

India Distribution

World Distribution

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