Bauhinia phoenicea Heyne ex Wight & Arn.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : IMLI FAMILY (ईमली फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Basionym : Phanera phoenicea (Wight & Arn.) Benth.
  • Synonym(s) : Bauhinia benthamii Bedd.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Bauhinia phoenicea Wight & Arn.
  • Common name : Crimson Mountain Ebony
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kempu Yatha balli (Kannada)
    • Vallimandaram, Thukarakalli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Tropical evergreen forests, Tropical semi-evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Common in forests of Western Ghats.
  • Key identification features : Large climber
  • Flower, Fruit : September-April
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J.Saldanha, B.Gurudev Singh & B.Ajay Kumar
  • Collection Nos : KFP 4668, KFP 12610
  • Collection Locality : Shiradi Ghat (Hassan)
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Udupi district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Shivamogga district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Western Ghats
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka
    • Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984
    • Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished)
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state
    • Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Bauhinia phoenicea. Downloaded on 15 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

Creative Commons License
India Flora Online by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.