Basilicum polystachyon (L.) Moench

 
  • Family : LAMIACEAE
    (Mint Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : TULSI FAMILY (तुलसी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Lamiaceae
  • Basionym : Ocimum polystachyon L.
  • Synonym(s) : Moschosma polystachyon (L.) Benth.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Basilicum polystachyon (L.) Moench
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Moist localities in scrub jungles and in plains
  • Comments / notes : Often on plains in shady moist ground and arable lands; also along river banks .
  • Flower, Fruit : September-November
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Thrissur district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills, Kalrayan Hills, Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Chitteri Hills, Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills, Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • World Distribution : Tropical Africa, India, Southeast Asia, Malaysia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Basilicum polystachyon. Downloaded on 25 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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