Barleria prionitis L.

 
  • Family : ACANTHACEAE
    (Acanthus Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ARUSA FAMILY (अडूसा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Acanthaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Barleria hystrix L.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Barleria prionitis L.
  • Common name : Porcupine Flower, Common yellow nail dye, thorny nail dye
  • Vernacular name :
    • Vajradanti (Hindi)
    • Mullu goranti, Haladi goranti (Kannada)
    • Kattukanagambaram (Tamil)
    • Sahachaara (Sanskrit)
    • Pivali Koranti (Marathi)
    • Chemmulli, Majakanakabaram, Shemmuli, Vennkurinjiveru, Kattukanakambaram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrubs
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests, scrub
  • Comments / notes : The plant extract is believed to be bitter as quinine and is used in the cure of whooping cough and tuberculosis. Often on plains to 500m
  • Key identification features : Plants armed. Flowers orange-yellow; outer calyx-segmentending in a spine. Capsule 2- Seeded
  • Flower, Fruit : August-March
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district, Palghar (Shirgaon)
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
    • Delhi : Vasant Kunj
  • Native : Bangladesh, China, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Jawa, Laccadive Islands, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Islands, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam, Yemen
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Bangladesh, China, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Jawa, Laccadive Islands, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Islands, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam, Yemen
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Maheshwari K.J (1963). Flora of Delhi: 274
    • Duthie J.F.(1960). Flora of The Upper Gangetic Plain Vol.2: 69
    • Parker R.N. (1973). A Forest Flora for the Punjab with Hazara & Delhi: 382-383
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Barleria prionitis. Downloaded on 21 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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