Ziziphus oenoplia (L.) Mill.

 
  • Family : RHAMNACEAE
    (Buckthorn Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BER FAMILY (बेर फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Rhamnaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Ziziphus oenopolia (L.) Mill.; Girtanneria oenopolia (L.) Neck.; Rhamnus oenopolia L.; Ziziphus albens Roxb.; Ziziphus celtidifolia DC.; Ziziphus ferruginea B.Heyne ex Wall.; Ziziphus latifolia Blanco; Ziziphus lotus Blanco; Ziziphus oenopolia var. fasciculata Bhandari & Bhansali; Ziziphus oenopolia var. pallens Bhandari & Bhansali; Ziziphus oenopolia var. pedicellaris Bhandari & Bhansali; Ziziphus pallens Wall.; Ziziphus pedicellala Wall.; Ziziphus rufula Miq.; Ziziphus scandens Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Ziziphus oenopolia (L.) Mill.
  • Common name : Jackal Jujube, Indian Plum
  • Vernacular name :
    • Makkaya, Makai, Makoh (Hindi)
    • Chee mullu, Choori mullu (Kannada)
    • Chooraimullu, Kottei, Shingai (Tamil)
    • Paranu, Pariki, Paraki, Banka, Paragi, Banka parike (Telugu)
    • Kantakoli, Kantaikoli, Burukoli, Kanakoli, Tinkoli (Oria)
    • Karkandhu (Sanskrit)
    • Bor (Marathi)
    • Cheriyalantha, Cheruthudali, Churimullu, Kothavalli, Kottaipazham, Mulli, Thodalli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Moist and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Common on plains, along roadsides and hills up to 1200m. Fruits are edible.
  • Key identification features : Stems form blackish galls.
  • Flower, Fruit : June-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : All districts of Andhra Pradesh
    • Telangana : Khammam district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : All districts
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : South Andaman,Goplakabang,Port Mout
  • World Distribution : Hotter parts of India, Tropical Asia, Australia.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 130
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ziziphus oenoplia. Downloaded on 30 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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