Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BABOOL FAMILY (बबूल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa xylocarpa Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Xylia dolabriformis sensu Bedd.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub.
  • Common name : Burma Iron-wood
  • Vernacular name :
    • Suria, Jambu, Tangan (Hindi)
    • Jambe (Kannada)
    • Itul (Tamil)
    • Konda tangedu, Eravalu, Errachenna mangi, Konda chinta, Thangini (Telugu)
    • Kongra, Tangan, Boja, Tangini, Bankhira, Kat sialhi, Dhamoni (Oria)
    • Irul, Irulpool, Irumullu, Kadamaram, Pangal (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Associated with sal forests, Tropical moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Frequent in Northern Eastern Ghats
  • Flower, Fruit : February-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, West Godavari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Koraput district, Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district
  • World Distribution : India, Myanmar, Malesia, Indo-China, Philippines
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Xylia xylocarpa. Downloaded on 17 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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