Vitex trifolia L.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (Verbena Or Vervain Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SAGVAN FAMILY (सागवान फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Lamiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Vitex indica Mill.; Vitex integerrima Mill.; Vitex variifolia Salisb.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Vitex trifolia L.
  • Common name : Three-leaved Chaste Tree, Arabian Lilac, Hand of Mary, Indian Privet, Indian Three-leaved Vitex
  • Vernacular name :
    • Safed samhalu (Hindi)
    • Sakki gida (Kannada)
    • Sindhuvaar (Sanskrit)
    • Begundia Oria)
    • Vavili, Nochili, Chiruvavili, Vayitaku chettu (Telugu)
    • Nochi, Vellanochi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Coastal areas and plains
  • Key identification features : Large coastal shrub or small tree; Leaves opposite, simple or trifoliate; Flowers in panicles or clusters, purple to violet; Fruits fleshy.
  • Flower, Fruit : May-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district (FRLHT Campus), Udupi district, Shivamogga district, Dakshina Kannada district, Chikkamagaluru district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district
    • Maharashtra : Sindhudurg district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Gajapati district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coastal districts of Tamil Nadu
    • Assam : Assam
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Ritchie\'s Archipelago taluk (Havelock Island)
  • Native : Afghanistan, Andaman Islands, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Islands, China, Comoros, Cook Islands, Fiji, Gilbert Islands, Hainan, India, Iran, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Line Islands,
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Afghanistan, Andaman Islands, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Islands, China, Comoros, Cook Islands, Fiji, Gilbert Islands, Hainan, India, Iran, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Line Islands, Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Niue, Philippines, Samoa, Society Islands, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Islands, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wake Islands, Wallis-Futuna Islands
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 220
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Vitex trifolia. Downloaded on 15 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

Creative Commons License
India Flora Online by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.