Balanophora involucrata Hook.f. & Thomson

 
  • Family : BALANOPHORACEAE
    (Balanophora Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BALANOPHORA FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Balanophoraceae
  • Synonym(s) : Balania cathcartii (Tiegh.) Setch.; Balania involucrata (Hook.f.) Tiegh.; Bivolva cathcartii Tiegh.; Bivolva involucrata (Hook.f. & Thomson) Tiegh.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Balanophora involucrata Hook.f. & Thomson
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Cool broadleaved and coniferous forest; 2000 - 3000 m. altitude
  • Comments / notes : The rhizomes form large woody knots on tree roots; these are used for manufacture of drinking-bowls.
  • Key identification features : Root parasite, leaves verticillate and connate into a sheathlike whorl
  • Flower, Fruit : June-October
  • Distribution :
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : North Sikkim (Mangan) district
    • West Bengal : Darjeeling district
  • Native : Bhutan, China, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : North-East Pakistan to China
  • Literature :
    • Uniyal B.P., Sharma J.R., Choudhery U., Singh D.K. (2007). Flowering Plants of Uttarakhand: A Checklist. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh: 213
    • GRIERSON A.J.C. & LONG D.G. (1983). FLORA OF BHUTAN INCLUDING A RECORD OF PLANTS FROM SIKKIM Vol. 1: Part 1. ROYAL BOTANIC GARDEN, EDINBURGH: 152
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Balanophora involucrata. Downloaded on 23 May 2024.

India Distribution

World Distribution

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