Vitex leucoxylon L. f.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (Verbena Or Vervain Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SAGVAN FAMILY (सागवान फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Lamiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Wallrothia leucoxylon (L.f.) Roth
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Vitex leucoxylon L.f.
  • Vernacular name :
    • Holelakki (Kannada)
    • Neer nochi (Tamil)
    • Luki, Kondavavili, Gajavavili, Nakkaneredu, Nevaledi (Telugu)
    • Magar jamu, Panijamu, Chadei gudi (Oria)
    • Parvata padee (Sanskrit)
    • Attunochi, Beemis, Neernochi, Vellanotchi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Along river banks, streams in evergreen and Tropical semi-evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Common throughout almost all hill ranges along the banks of rivers, streams and tanks to 800m. Plant used in local medicine by healers and practitioners.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Chittoor district, Anantapur district, Prakasam district, Nellore district, Kadapa district
    • Telangana : Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Mysuru district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Cuttack district, Sundergarh district, Sambalpur district, Kalhandi district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dharmapuri district
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman Islands
  • Native : Andaman Islands, India, Malaya, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman Islands, India, Malaya, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Prakasa Rao, J et al (2015). Tree additions to the flora of East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India. JoTT. 7 (12):7953-7957
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Vitex leucoxylon. Downloaded on 27 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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