Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata (L.) Walp.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Dolichos unguiculatus L.
  • Synonym(s) : Dolichos biflorus L.; Vigna sinensis (L.) Savi ex Hausskn.; Vigna unguiculata subsp. cylindrica (L.) Verdc.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata
  • Common name : Cow pea, Asparagus Bean, Barbati, Black Eye Pea, Blue Goose Southern Pea, Common Cowpea, Southern Pea
  • Vernacular name :
    • Halsandi (Kannada)
    • Alasandalu (Telugu)
    • Jhurango (Oria)
    • Kollu (Tamil)
    • Kottapayar (Malayalam)
    • Galjaramba, Lobia, Ravas (Hindi)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated as a crop up to 3000m.
  • Key identification features : Suberect or twiner, herbaceous
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district
    • Kerala : Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Thane district
    • Odisha : Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Na
  • Exotic/Native : Exotic
  • World Distribution : Cultivated in the Tropics
  • Literature :
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata. Downloaded on 22 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

Creative Commons License
India Flora Online by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.