Atylosia scarabaeoides (L.) Benth.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Dolichos scarabaeoides L.
  • Synonym(s) : Atylosia pauciflora (Wight & Arn.) Druce; Atylosia scarabaeoides (L.) Benth.; Atylosia scarabaeoides var. argyrophylla S.S.Cheng ex Y.T.Wei & S.K.Lee; Atylosia scarabaeoides var. queenslandica Domin; Atylosia scarabaeoides var. typica Domin; Cajanus scarabaeoides var. argyrophyllus (S.S.Cheng ex Y.T.Wei & S.K.Lee) Y.T.Wei & S.K.Lee; Cantharospermum nervosum Royle ex Baker; Cantharospermum pauciflorum Wight & Arn.; Cantharospermum scarabaeoides (L.) Koord.; Cantharospermum scarabaeoideum Baill.; Desmodium biflorum DC.; Dolichos minutus Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.; Dolichos scarabaeoides L.; Glycine mollis Willd.; Rhynchosia biflora DC.; Rhynchosia mollis (Willd.) DC.; Rhynchosia scarabaeoides (L.) DC.; Stizolobium scarabaeoides Spreng.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.)Thouars
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kaduthogari (Kannada)
    • Kandalu (Telugu)
    • Kulthia, Duma hirma, Ban-kulthia (Oria)
    • Kattumuthira (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Scrub, Tropical moist deciduous forests, Tropical dry deciduous forests; also in plains, on dry rocks and sand, 1370 - 1650 m. altitude
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in plains to 800m.
  • Key identification features : Slender twiner
  • Flower, Fruit : August-March
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy, Arun Singh R & K.Sankara Rao; Raja K. Swamy, Arun Singh & Navendu Page
  • Collection Date : 19-11-2014; 28-02-2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0173; HJCB-0570
  • Collection Locality : Palamner forest range, Chittoor district (AP); Berbara to Balugaon, Khurda district (OD)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Anantapur district, East Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district, Chittoor district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Ballari district, Bidar district, Chikkamagaluru district, Chitradurga district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Dharwad district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district, Karjat
    • Odisha : Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Ramanathapuram district, Salem district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Tirunelveli district
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
  • Native : Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Comoros, Bhutan, Hainan, India, Laos, Madagascar, Malaya, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Tropical Asia, Mauritius, Madagascar, Australia, Africa
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1.
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi
    • Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore district
    • Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga district
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi district
    • Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District
    • Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere district
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
    • Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
    • Uniyal B.P., Sharma J.R., Choudhery U., Singh D.K. (2007). Flowering Plants of Uttarakhand: A Checklist. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh: 102
    • GRIERSON A.J.C. & LONG D.G. (1983). FLORA OF BHUTAN INCLUDING A RECORD OF PLANTS FROM SIKKIM Vol. 1: Part 3. ROYAL BOTANIC GARDEN, EDINBURGH: 703-704
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Atylosia scarabaeoides. Downloaded on 13 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

Creative Commons License
India Flora Online by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.