Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.

 
  • Family : RUTACEAE
    (Rue Or Citrus Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : NIMBU FAMILY (नींबू फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Rutaceae
  • Basionym : Paullinia asiatica L.
  • Synonym(s) : Toddalia aculeata (Sm.) Pers.; Scopolia aculeata Sm.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.
  • Common name : Orange Climber, Forest pepper, Lopez root
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kanj, Junglee kali mirchi, Kanj (Hindi)
    • Dodda kaadu menasu (Kannada)
    • Konda kachinda, Erra kachinda, Veru patta, Mira pakandra (Telugu)
    • Tandpora (Oria)
    • Jangli Kali Mirchi (Marathi)
    • Kanthamokolunthu, Kanthammullu, Kakkathodali, Karamullu, Melakkaranam, Mulakuthali (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Tropical evergreen forests, Shola, also in scrub jungles
  • Comments / notes : Common straggler on forest borders and on trees.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-July
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy & Arun Singh
  • Collection Date : 31/10/2015
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0367
  • Collection Locality : Way to Yelagari Hills, Vellore district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Satara district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district, Theni district
  • Native : Tropical Asia
  • World Distribution : India, China, Malaysia, East and S. Africa
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Toddalia asiatica. Downloaded on 20 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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