Tephrosia villosa (L.) Pers.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Cracca villosa L.; Galega villosa (L.) L.
  • Synonym(s) : Tephrosia hirta (Buch.-Ham.) Benth.; Tephrosia incana (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.; Galega hirta Buch.-Ham.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Tephrosia villosa (L.) Pers.
  • Common name : Shaggy wild Indigo
  • Vernacular name :
    • Nugu vempali, Nogu vempali (Telugu)
    • Banokulthia, Kulthia, Sroeto kolathiya (Oria)
    • Barbaria (Sanskrit)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Common on dry, gravelly, sandy and other soils in open places of the Ridges and in watse grounds
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in plains to 600m in wastelands and in poor soil. Gregarious in disturbed ground. Roots are used in medicine
  • Flower, Fruit : June-October
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Guntur district, Anantapur district, Kadapa district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Common in open wasteland
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
    • Puducherry : Puducherry
  • Native : Angola, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Lesser Sunda Islands, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : India, Southeast Asia
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1.
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
    • Maheshwari K.J (1963). Flora of Delhi: 121
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Tephrosia villosa. Downloaded on 19 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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