Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels

 
  • Family : MYRTACEAE
    (Myrtle Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : JAMUN FAMILY (जामुन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Myrtaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Calyptranthes capitellata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Calyptranthes caryophyllifolia (Lam.) Willd.; Calyptranthes cumini (L.) Pers.; Calyptranthes cuminodora Stokes; Calyptranthes jambolana (Lam.) Willd.; Calyptranthes jambolifera Stokes; Calyptranthes oneillii Lundell; Calyptranthes pedunculata Forsyth f.; Calyptranthes tenuis Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Caryophyllus corticosus Stokes; Caryophyllus jambos Stokes; Eugenia brachiata Roxb.; Eugenia calyptrata Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.; Eugenia caryophyllifolia Lam.; Eugenia cumini (L.) Druce; Eugenia djouat Perr.; Eugenia fruticosa (DC.) Roxb.; Eugenia jambolana Lam.; Eugenia jambolana var. caryophyllifolia (Lam.) Duthie; Eugenia jambolifera Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.; Eugenia obovata Poir.; Eugenia obtusifolia Roxb.; Eugenia odorata Wight; Eugenia tenuis Duthie; Eugenia tsoi Merr. & Chun; Jambolifera chinensis Spreng.; Jambolifera coromandelica Houtt.; Jambolifera pedunculata Houtt.; Myrtus corticosa Spreng.; Myrtus cumini L.; Myrtus obovata (Poir.) Spreng.; Syzygium brachiatum (Roxb.) Miq.; Syzygium caryophyllifolium (Lam.) DC.; Syzygium cumini var. caryophyllifolium (Lam.) K.K.Khanna; Syzygium cumini var. obtusifolium (Roxb.) K.K.Khanna; Syzygium cumini var. tsoi (Merr. & Chun) H.T.Chang & R.H.Miao; Syzygium fruticosum DC.; Syzygium jambolanum (Lam.) DC.; Syzygium jambolanum var. axillare Gamble; Syzygium obovatum (Poir.) DC.; Syzygium obtusifolium (Roxb.) Kostel.; Syzygium pseudojambolana Miq.;Syzygium tenue (Duthie) N.P.Balakr.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels
  • Common name : Indian Blackberry, Black Plum, Jambolan, Jambu, Jambol, Jaman, Java plum, Naval, Neredu
  • Vernacular name :
    • Jamun, Jambhal (Hindi)
    • Neerale gida (Kannada)
    • Nava, Naval, Malai Naval (Tamil)
    • Neredu, Jambu, Jinna (Telugu)
    • Jamu, Jankori, Chota jamb (Oria)
    • Jambu, Birkad (Sanskrit)
    • Jambal (Marathi)
    • Njara, Njaval, Perinnaral, Valiyanjaval (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical evergreen forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in plains to 1400m in a variety of habitats, in sholas, river banks and also planted as avenue tree.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-July
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district, Bengaluru district (FRLHT Campus)
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : North and Middle Andaman,South Andaman,Port Blair taluk,Barren Island
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, sub-tropical Himalayas, Malaysia, Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2
    • Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 173
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Syzygium cumini. Downloaded on 21 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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