Symphorema involucratum Roxb.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (Verbena Or Vervain Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SAGVAN FAMILY (सागवान फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Lamiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Symphorema involucratum Roxb.
  • Vernacular name :
    • Vellaia mallikbodi, Poongurungu (Tamil)
    • Konda Tekkali, Surudu, Budda Marri, Tella pippili (Telugu)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Tropical evergreen forests, Tropical semi-evergreen forests, dry forests
  • Comments / notes : Common along Eastern Ghats in deciduous forests up to 1200m altitude. Flowers only when it is more or less leafless.
  • Key identification features : Leaves nearly elliptic to ovate, margin nearly entire to toothed; Flowers in clusters, white.
  • Flower, Fruit : February-May
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh, Navendu Page, Raja K. Swamy, K. Sankra Rao
  • Collection Date : 23/03/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0623
  • Collection Locality : Shevaray Ghat road, Salem district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Guntur district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Hassan district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Kannur district, Thrissur district, Idukki district
    • Maharashtra : Raigad district
    • Odisha : Koraput district, Cuttack district, Ganjam district, Angul district, Puri district, Sambalpur district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dharmapuri district, Tiruchirapalli district
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman Islands
  • Native : Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, China, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, China, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Symphorema involucratum. Downloaded on 24 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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