Swertia chirayita (Roxb.ex Flem.) Karst.

 
  • Family : GENTIANACEAE
    (Gentian Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BHUIN NEEM FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Gentianaceae
  • Basionym : Gentiana chirayita Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Agathotes chirayita (Roxb.) D.Don ex G.Don; Ericoila chirayita (Roxb.) Bercht. & J.Presl; Eyrythalia floribunda G.Don; Gentiana floribunda D.Don; Henricea pharmacearcha Lem.; Ophelia chirayita (Roxb.) Griseb.; Swertia chirata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Swertia tongluensis Burkill
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Swertia chirayita (Roxb.) H.Karst.
  • Common name : Chirita
  • Vernacular name :
    • Chirayata, Charaita, Chirata (Hindi)
    • Charayatah, Chirayita (Marathi)
    • Nilavembu, Shirattakuchi, Anariyatittam (Tamil)
    • Kiriyatta, Kiriyattu, Nilaveppa, Uttarakiriyattu (Malayalam)
    • Nelavemu (Telugu)
    • Nelabevu (Kannada)
    • Chiraita shireen (Urdu)
    • Anaryatikta, Ardhatikta, Bhunimba, Chiratika (Sanskrit)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : High altitudesin the sub-temperate regions and the slopes of moist shady places, on steep banks; 1500 - 2740 m. altitude
  • Comments / notes : Used in several traditional and indigenous systems of medicines, such asAyurveda, Unani, and Siddha
  • Key identification features : Robust, terete, branched herbs. Leaves broadly lanceolate. Flowers green-yellow, tinged with purple
  • Flower, Fruit : August-November
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Kodagu (Coorg) district
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • West Bengal : Darjeeling district
    • Himachal Pradesh : Shimla district
  • Native : Bhutan, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, West Himalaya
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Himalaya to Assam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state
    • Uniyal B.P., Sharma J.R., Choudhery U., Singh D.K. (2007). Flowering Plants of Uttarakhand: A Checklist. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh: 178
    • GRIERSON A.J.C. & LONG D.G. (1983). FLORA OF BHUTAN INCLUDING A RECORD OF PLANTS FROM SIKKIM Vol. 2: Part 2. ROYAL BOTANIC GARDEN, EDINBURGH: 626
    • Chowdhery, H. J. & Wadhwa, B. H (1984). Flora of Himachal Pradesh Vol. 2. Published BSI: 478
    • Nair, N. G (1977).Flora of Bashahr Himalayas. International Bioscience Publishers:188
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Swertia chirayita. Downloaded on 16 July 2024.

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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