Strychnos potatorum L. f.

 
  • Family : LOGANIACEAE
    (Logania Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KAJARA FAMILY (कजरा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Loganiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Strychnos potatorum L.f.
  • Common name : Clearing nut tree
  • Vernacular name :
    • Nirmali (Hindi) Nirmali, Nelmal, Koyar, Katako, Kaya, Kotaki (Oria)
    • Chilu (Kannada)
    • Thethamkottai, Kalkottai, Sirungarumaram, Sillamaram (Tamil)
    • Chilla ginja, Chilla, Indupa, Indiba chettu, Chilaka mushti, Katakamu (Telugu)
    • Katak, Ambuprasaad (Sanskrit)
    • Chilla, Kadakam, thettamaram, Thrttamparel (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous and mixed forests
  • Comments / notes : On foothills to 800m. The seeds are used in clearing muddy water or impurities just as an alum.
  • Flower, Fruit : April-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : All districts of Andhra Pradesh
    • Kerala : Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Angul district, Cuttack district, Sambalpur district, Kalhandi district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Strychnos potatorum. Downloaded on 17 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

Creative Commons License
India Flora Online by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.