Sterculia urens Roxb.

 
  • Family : STERCULIACEAE
    (Sterculia Or Cocoa Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GURHAL FAMILY (गुड़हल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Malvaceae
  • Basionym : Cavallium urens (Roxb.) Schott & Endl.
  • Synonym(s) : Clompanus urens (Roxb.) Kuntze; Kavalama urens (Roxb.) Raf.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Sterculia urens Roxb.
  • Common name : Kateera-gum, Katira, Kulu, Sterculia gum, Gum Karaya
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kulu, Gulu, Gular (Hindi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical moist deciduous forests, Tropical dry deciduous forests, Scrub
  • Comments / notes : An exudate known as Gum karaya from the trunk is valuable and used in pharmaceutical, textile, cosmetic and food industries
  • Key identification features : Bark pale whitish smooth peeling off in flakes. Flowers foetid. Follicles reddish yellow, woody, densely pubescent with stiff stinging bristles
  • Flower, Fruit : October-May
  • Distribution :
    • Telangana : Throughout Telangana
    • Karnataka : Tumakuru (Siddarabetta)
    • Maharashtra : Palghar (Tandulwadi)
    • Gujarat : Junagadh
    • Delhi : Vasant Kunj
  • Native : Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Literature :
    • Maheshwari K.J (1963). Flora of Delhi: 84
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Sterculia urens. Downloaded on 30 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

Creative Commons License
India Flora Online by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.