Spatholobus parviflorus (Roxb.) Kuntze

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Butea parviflora Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Butea parviflora DC.; Spatholobus roxburghii Benth
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Spatholobus parviflorus (Roxb. ex G.Don) Kuntze
  • Common name : Flame of the forest
  • Vernacular name :
    • Mukkate balli (Kannada)
    • Pilacchivalli (Tamil)
    • Athambu, Modugu, Maduga (Telugu)
    • Poresu, Palasha, Polosha, Gachpalosh (Oria)
    • Dhal, (Hindi)
    • Adambuvalli, Athambuvalli, Chamatha, Valliplash (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Tropical semi-evergreen forests, Tropical moist deciduous forests, also in sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : Occasional along hills up to 1400m.
  • Key identification features : Large Climbing shrub
  • Flower, Fruit : August-April
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Thane district, Raigad district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Kandhamal district, Kandhamal district, Bolangir district, Bargarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, The Nilgiri district
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • West Bengal : Darjeeling district
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
  • Native : Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1.
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Spatholobus parviflorus. Downloaded on 21 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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