Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Phyllanthaceae
  • Basionym : Phyllanthus virosus Roxb. ex Willd.
  • Synonym(s) : Flueggea virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Royle; Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.; Flueggea microcarpa Blume
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Flueggea virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Royle
  • Vernacular name :
    • Gadahallae (Kannada)
    • Karumpula, Aduthinnichedi (Tamil)
    • Pandharphalli (Marathi)
    • Perimklavu, Vellapoolam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Dry and Tropical moist deciduous forests and wastelands
  • Comments / notes : Often on hills to 1200m on bare slopes and exposed rocks; a high altitude replacement of S. Leucopyrus.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kadapa district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Kurnool district, Anantapur district, Chittoor district
    • Telangana : Khammam district, Adilabad district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district, Hassan district, Chikkamagaluru district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Puri district, Sambalpur district, Kalhandi district, Mayurbhanj district, Rayagada district, Koraput district, Cuttack district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
    • Uttarakhand : Nainital district
  • Native : Paleotropics
  • World Distribution : India, Tropical Africa, Himalayas, Sri Lanka, South Asia, Japan, Malaysia, Australia, Polynesia, Nepal
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Securinega virosa. Downloaded on 27 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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