Sarcostigma kleinii Wight & Arn.

 
  • Family : ICACINACEAE
    (Icacina Or White Pear Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GHENERA FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Icacinaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Chailletia edulis Kurz; Sarcostigma edule Kurz; Sarcostigma horsfieldii R.Br.; Sarcostigma roxburghii Wall. ex Griff.; Sarcostigma wallichii Baill.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Sarcostigma kleinii Wight & Arn.
  • Vernacular name :
    • Erumathali, Odal, Vattodal, Vellodal (Malayalam)
    • Odal, Peevenna (Tamil)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Tropical evergreen forests, Tropical semi-evergreen forests, along the ghats, also in the sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : Frequent in forests along Western Ghats at low elevations.
  • Key identification features : A large climbing shrub. Leaves alternate, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous. Flowers minute, dioecious, yellowish. Fruit a drupe, oblong, compressed, orange-yellow
  • Flower, Fruit : October-February
  • Collection Nos : KFP 4023, HFP 2714, CJS 11391
  • Distribution :
    • Goa : South Goa district
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Kolhapur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, The Nilgiri district, Tirunelveli district
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : North and Middle Andaman, South Andaman, Rutland and Baratang Islands
  • Native : Borneo, India, Jawa, Malaya, Myanmar, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Borneo, India, Jawa, Malaya, Myanmar, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka
    • Saldanha, C. J. 1996. Flora of Karnataka vol. 2
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 126
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Sarcostigma kleinii. Downloaded on 17 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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