Santalum album L.

 
  • Family : SANTALACEAE
    (Sandalwood Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : CHANDAN FAMILY (चन्दन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Santalaceae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Santalum album L.
  • Common name : Sandalwood Tree, White sandal tree
  • Vernacular name :
    • Chandan, Safed chandan (Hindi)
    • Srigandha mara (Kannada)
    • Santhanam (Tamil)
    • Chandana, Shrikand (Sanskrit)
    • Chandan (Marathi)
    • Chandan, Gondassaro (Oria)
    • Chandanam (Telugu)
    • Chandanam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Foothills of dry deciduous forests and also in homesteads
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on foothills to 1400m, sometimes abundant on lower slopes. The species is distributed widely in South India and is under massive threat due to anthropogenic factor and demand for the fragrant wood of commerce that the plant produces.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Anantapur district, Kadapa district, Krishna district, Vishakapatnam district, Srikakulam district
    • Telangana : Nizamabad district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Kalhandi district, Planted elsewhere
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruvannamalai district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Vulnerable (VU)
  • Literature :
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • C. E. C. Fischer, 1921 - A Survey of the Flora of Anaimalai Hills in the Coimbatore District, Madras Presidency
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Santalum album. Downloaded on 20 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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