Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume

 
  • Family : ORCHIDACEAE
    (Orchid Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ORCHID FAMILY (ऑर्चिड फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Orchidaceae
  • Basionym : Epidendrum retusum L.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume
  • Common name : Foxtail Orchid
  • Vernacular name :
    • Seetha dande, Droupadi maale (Kannada)
    • Maravasha, Seethamudi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Tropical moist deciduous forests, also in sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : Epiphytic Orchid. On hills about 1450m.
  • Key identification features : Epiphytic herbs with stout stems covered with sheaths; Leaves oblong, keeled, bluntly bilobed at apex, curved; Flowers in axillary, densely flowered, cylindric raceme, white or pink with purple marks, Lip spurred.
  • Flower, Fruit : May-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Amravati district, Mumbai Suburban district, Nashik district, Pune district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Keonjhar district, Kalhandi district, Malkangiri district, Koraput district, Ganjam district, Angul district
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district, Salem district
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Kameng, Lohit, Siang, Subansiri, Tirap
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Jammu and Kashmir : Jammu and Kashmir
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
  • Native : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Jawa, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Jawa, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Prasad, K et al 2012 Conservation of Wild Orchids in Sri Krishnadevaraya University botanical garden, Ananthapur, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(7)
    • 2705-2708
    • B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
    • H J, Chowdhery, et al. Materials for Flora of Arunachal Pradesh. Volume 3, Botanical Survey of India, 2009. Pg.: 152
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Rhynchostylis retusa. Downloaded on 30 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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