Premna serratifolia L.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (Verbena Or Vervain Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SAGVAN FAMILY (सागवान फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Lamiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Premna serratifolia L.
  • Common name : Indian Headache Tree
  • Vernacular name :
    • Ageta, Arni (Hindi)
    • Takkila, Ardhra soppu mara (Kannada)
    • Paaiminnai (Tamil)
    • Agnimantha (Sanskrit)
    • Appel, Munja, Kozhichedi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : On plains to hills of scrub jungles
  • Comments / notes : Flowers twice a year
  • Flower, Fruit : January-November
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Kozhikode district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Kottayam district
    • Maharashtra : Raigad district (Alibag), Ratnagiri (Ganpatipule)
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Cuttack district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills, Kalrayan Hills, Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Chitteri Hills, Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills, Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • Native : Aldabra, Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Islands, Chagos Archipelago, China Southeast, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Comoros, Cook Islands, Fiji, Gilbert Islands, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, Lacca
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Premna serratifolia. Downloaded on 18 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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