Pouzolzia zeylanica (L.) Benn.

 
  • Family : URTICACEAE
    (Nettle Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BICHCHHOO FAMILY (बिच्छू फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Urticaceae
  • Basionym : Parietaria zeylanica L.
  • Synonym(s) : Parietaria indica L.; Pouzolzia india (L.) Gaud.; Pouzolzia indica var. alienata Wedd.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Pouzolzia zeylanica (L.) Benn. & R.Br.
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kallurukki (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Moist and shaded places, often among bushes
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 1000 m
  • Flower, Fruit : August-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Thane district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Cuttack district, Koraput district, Dhenkanal district, Cuttack district, Kalhandi district, Keonjhar district, Puri district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
    • Lakshadweep : Lakshadweep
  • Native : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Islands, India, Japan, Jawa, Lakshadweep Islands, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines,
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Islands, India, Japan, Jawa, Lakshadweep Islands, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, El Salvador, Florida
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Pouzolzia zeylanica. Downloaded on 27 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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